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Stanhopeinae

Stanhopea quadricornis plate
Stanhopea quadricornis from Illustrations of Orchidaceous Plants

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Gongoreae
Subtribe: Stanhopeinae


Stanhopeinae is a subtribe of plants in the Orchid family.

FeaturesEdit

The subtribe in the strict sense, have viscidia and stipes that are thin and strap-like, they are adapted for attachment to edge of the bee's scutellum or to a leg. Pseudobulbs are usually ribbed/four-angled or flattened. Leaves are generally thicker than Coeliopsidinae. Roots are smooth, without prominent root hairs. The column foot is lacking or not distinct. Unpollinated flowers quickly abscise and fall from the inflorescence, unlike members of Coeliopsidinae which include Coeliopsis, Lycomormium & Peristeria. Stanhopeinae and Coeliopsidinae are now considered closely related sister subtribes.

The genus Archivea is only known by a watercolor painting by T. Duncanson in the herbarium archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. No pressed specmins or living material is known, so it can not be grouped into a specific clade.

All species in this subtribe are exclusively pollinated by male euglossine bees, which are attracted to the floral fragrances, and collect them. One orchid species may attract only one or a few species of bees from dozens of species in the habitat.

TaxonomyEdit

Genera Edit

AcinetaEdit

Acineta antioquiae 2

Acineta antioquiae

For details see Acineta


ArchiveaEdit

BraemiaEdit

CirrhaeaEdit

CoryanthesEdit

Coryanthes picturata

Coryanthes picturata

For details see Coryanthes


EmbreeaEdit

GongoraEdit

Gongora rufescens

Gongora rufescens

For details see Gongora


HorichiaEdit

HoulletiaEdit

Houlletia brocklehurstiana 'Spitskop'

Houlletia brocklehurstiana

For details see Houlletia



KegeliellaEdit

LacaenaEdit

Lacaena spectabilis

Lacaena spectabilis

For details see Lacaena



LueddemanniaEdit

Lueddemannia pescatorei

Lueddemannia pescatorei

For details see Lueddemannia



PaphiniaEdit

Paphinia posadarum

Paphinia posadarum

For details see Paphinia


Penislegia does not exist. The name is not published.Edit

PolycycnisEdit

SchlimmiaEdit

Schlimmia trifida

Schlimmia trifida

For details see Schlimmia


SievekingiaEdit

SoterosanthusEdit

StanhopeaEdit

Stanhopea pozoi

Stanhopea pozoi

For details see Stanhopea


TrevoriaEdit

VasqueziellaEdit

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