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Spiranthes spiralis

Spiranthes spiralis

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Cranichideae
SubTribe: Spiranthinae
Genus: Spiranthes
Species: Spir. spiralis
Alliance:
Binomial name
Spiranthes spiralis
(Linne) Chevallier 1836


Spiranthes spiralis is a plant of the family Orchidaceae and the genus Spiranthes

DistributionEdit

Plant is found in grasslands, dunes, and marshes of Ireland, Great Britain, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, France, Balaeric Islands, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czechloslavakia, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Poland, Ukraine, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Iran, and the western Himalayas at elevations up to 1400 meters

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms from summer to fall with many 7mm wide fragrant flowers.

CultureEdit

Grow in moderate lighting. Plant grows in cool to cold temperatures and should be water regularly during growing season and reduced during flowering. Reduce watering during dormancy period in the winter and mist occasionally. Pot with 70% fine to medium grade perlite and 30% soil or clay peat

NamingEdit

Common name: The Spiraled Spiranthes

SynonymsEdit

  1. Aristotelea spiralis Lour. 1790
  2. Epipactis spiralis Crantz 1769
  3. Gyrostachys autumnalis (Rich.) Dumort 1827
  4. Gyrostachys spiralis (L.) Kuntze 1891
  5. Ibidium spirale (L.) Salisb. 1812
  6. Neottia autumnalis (Balb.) Pers. 1807
  7. Neottia spiralis Sw 1805
  8. Ophrys autumnalis Balb. 1801
  9. Ophrys spiralis Linne 1753
  10. Serapias spiralis (L.) Scop. 1772
  11. Spiranthes autumnalis [Balb.]L.C.M. Richard 1817
  12. Spiranthes autumnalis (Balb.) Rich. 1817

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