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Phalaenopsis violacea

Phalaenopsis violacea

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
SubTribe: Aeridinae
Genus: Phalaenopsis
Species: Phal. violacea
Alliance:
Binomial name
Phalaenopsis violacea
Witte 1861


Phalaenopsis violacea is a species in the genus Phalaenopsis.

DescriptionEdit

Phalaenopsis violacea can bloom throughout the year, but usually heaviest in late spring to early summer, with two to three successively opening flowers. Flowers are 3.5 cm wide and fragrant.

The plant was first discovered by Teijsmann in 1859, who sent it to the Botanic Garden at Leiden, Netherlands. It was then flowered by Witte. In that same year Willink in Amsterdam also received some plants of the species and sent some of the flowering material to Reichenbach who described it in 1862 under the name Stauritis violacia. In the same year Teijsmann and Binnedijk in Bogor also described their plant as Phalaenopsis violacea.

DistributionEdit

Plants are found growing in the forest of Malaya peninsula and Sumatra at elevations around 150 meters.

CultureEdit

Grow intermediate to warm. Pot in medium fir bark and keep in partial shade. Water about once a week. Keep plant fairly moist but not wet.

VaritiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Phal. violacea alba Phalaenopsis violacea var. alba Sepals and petals are white with green edges. Lip is white with yellow center.
Phal. violacea semialba Phalaenopsis violacea var. semialba Sepals and petals are white. Lip is light pink with yellow center.
Phal. violacea coerulea Phalaenopsis violacea var. coerula Sepals and petals are light purple. Lip is purple.
Phal. violacea coerulea 'Keystone Blue' Phalaenopsis violacea var. coerula 'Keystone Blue' Sepals and petals are purple. Lip is purple with yellow.

NamingEdit

Common Names: The Violet Phalaenopsis

SynonymsEdit

  1. Phalaenopsis violacea f. coerulea Christenson 2001
  2. Phalaenopsis violacea f. alba (Teijsm. & Binn.) Christenson 2001
  3. Phalaenopsis violacea var. alba Teijsm. & Binn. 1862
  4. Polychilos violacea (hort. ex H. Witte) Shim 1982
  5. Stauritis violacea [Witte] Rchb.f 1862
  6. Stauropsis violacea Rchb. f. 1862;

ResourcesEdit

PDF iconBiochemical Analysis of Phalaenopsis violacea


ReferencesEdit

  • Sweet, Herman R.. The Genus Phalaenopsis. The Orchid Digest, 1980.

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