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Phalaenopsis amabilis

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Phalaenopsis amabilis

Phalaenopsis amabilis2

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
SubTribe: Aeridinae
Genus: Phalaenopsis
Species: Phal. amabilis
Alliance:
Binomial name
Phalaenopsis amabilis
[L.] Blume 1825


Phalaenopsis amabilis is an species of Phalaenopsis .

DescriptionEdit

This species is one of Indonesia's national flowers (along with Jasminum sambac and Rafflesia arnoldii). In Indonesia, it is commonly known as anggrek bulan(moon orchid). The base color of the flower is white, and it has little fragrance. It is able to bloom for a long period of time and can grow up to 10 cm in diameter or more. Plant blooms from spring to summer with several flowers. Flowers are 10 cm wide and mildly fragrant.

It is this species which Dr. C. L. Blume founded the genus upon. It was collected by Peter Osbeck in 1752 on a voyage from China to England. The plant was later described by Linnaeus in 1753 as Epidendrum amabile based on Osbeck's collected specimen. The plant was first bloomed in cultivation in England in September 1850.

DistributionEdit

Plant is found on tree trunks hanging bogs in the rainforest of northern Australia, Indonesia, Papua & New Guinea, the Philippines and New Britain at elevations up to 600 meters.

CultureEdit

Grow in warm conditions. Pot in medium fir bark and keep in partial shade. Water about once a week. Keep plant fairly moist but not wet.

VarietiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Phalaenopsis amabilis Phalaenopsis amablis subsps. rosenstromii [Bail] Christensen 2001 Defined from the species by the shorter, narrowly triangular midlobe of the lip, with inconspicuous teeth at the base.

NamingEdit

Common Names: The Lovely Phalaenopsis, Moon Orchid

SynonymsEdit

Phalaenopsis amabilis plate

Phal. amabilis print

  1. Angraecum album majus Rumph 1750
  2. Cymbidium amabile [L.]Roxb. 1832
  3. Epidendrum amabile L. 1855
  4. Phalaenopsis amabilis subsp. moluccana (Schltr.) Christenson 2001
  5. Phalaenopsis amabilis var aphrodite subvar gloriosa [Rchb.f] Ames 1908
  6. Phalaenopsis amabilis var. aurea (auct.) Rolfe 1886
  7. Phalaenopsis amabilis var. cinerascens J.J.Sm. 1917
  8. Phalaenopsis amabilis var fournieri Cogn. 1898
  9. Phalaenopsis amabilis var gracillima Burb. 1882
  10. Phalaenopsis amabilis var grandiflora [Lindl.] Batem 1867
  11. Phalaenopsis amabilis var. moluccana Schltr. 1911
  12. Phalaenopsis amabilis var ramosa van Deventer 1935
  13. Phalaenopsis amabilis var rimestadiana Linden 1901
  14. Phalaenopsis amabilis var rimestadiana alba Hort 1906
  15. Phalaenopsis aphrodite var gloriosa [Rchb.f] Veitch 1891
  16. Phalaenopsis celebica Vlooten 1932
  17. Phalaenopsis gloriosa Rchb.f 1888
  18. Phalaenopsis grandiflora Lindley 1848
  19. Phalaenopsis grandiflora var. aurea auct. 1864
  20. Phalaenopsis rimestadiana [Linden] Rolfe 1905
  21. Phalaenopsis rosenstromii F.M. Bailey 1906
  22. Phalaenopsis ×elisabethae Hort. 1927
  23. Synadena amabilis [L.]Raf. 1836

ResourcesEdit

PDF iconEffect of Temperature on Growth and Flowering of Phalaenopsis amabilis

PDF iconEmbryology of Phalaenopsis amabilis var. formosa

PDF iconInduction of repetitive Embryogenesis from seed-derived protocorms of Phalaenopsis amabilis var. formosa shimadzu

ReferencesEdit

  • Sweet, Herman R.. The Genus Phalaenopsis. The Orchid Digest, 1980.

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