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Phaius tankervilleae

Phaius tankervilleae

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
SubTribe: Bletiinae
Genus: Phaius
Species: Phaius tankervilleae
Alliance:
Binomial name
Phaius tankervilleae
[Banks]Blume 1852


Phaius tankervilleae is a species in the genus Phaius.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms in the spring with many 11.5 cm wide flowers. Flowers are fragrant.

This species has became invasive in Jamaica and Hawaii. In Papua the flowers are smoked and eaten as a contraceptive.

DistributionEdit

Plant are found growing in the lower montane forest and in grass land depressions of Australia, the Pacific Islands, Malaysia, Indonesia, and southern China at elevations up to 1300 meters

CultureEdit

Plants require shade and intermediate to warm temperatures. Plants should be potted in a mix that retain some moisture such as 40% fir bark, 30% sphagnum moss, and 30% soil. Medium should be kept moist during growing season. When growth matures with hold watering for 3 to 4 weeks. Repotting should be done after flowering. . New plants can be obtained from the old spikes by laying the spike out in sand and half covering it.

NamingEdit

Common Names: Tankerville's Phaius, Nun's Orchid, Kunai Orchid, Swamp Orchid, Swamp Lilly, Greater Swamp Orchid

SynonymsEdit

  1. Bletia incarvillei R. Br. ?
  2. Bletia tankervilleae R. Br. 1813
  3. Calanthe bachmaensis Gagnep. 1950
  4. Calanthe speciosa Viell. 1861
  5. Dendrobium veratrifolium Roxb. 1832
  6. Limodorum incarvilliae Pers. 1807
  7. Limodorum spectabile Salisb. 1796
  8. *Limodorum tankervilleae Banks 1788
  9. Pachyne spectabilis Salisb. 1812
  10. Phaius australis F. Muell. 1888
  11. Phaius bernaysii F. Mueller ex Bernays 1873
  12. Phaius bicolor Lindley 1831
  13. Phaius blumei Lindley 1831
  14. Phaius blumei Lindley var assamicus Rchb.f 1882
  15. Phaius blumei Lindley var pulcher King & Pantl. 1898
  16. Phaius carroni F. Muell. 1860
  17. Phaius giganteus Hemsl. 1882
  18. Phaius grandifolius Rchb.f 1828
  19. Phaius grandifolius Lour 1790
  20. Phaius grandifolius Lindl.1831
  21. Phaius grandifolius var. superbus Van Houtte 1852
  22. Phaius incarvillei O.Ktze. 1891
  23. Phaius incarvillei O.Ktze. var speciosa
  24. Phaius leucophaeus F. Muell. 1863
  25. Phaius mannii Rchb.f 1878
  26. Phaius oweniae Sander 1894
  27. Phaius roeblingii O'Brien 1895
  28. Phaius tankervilleae f. veronicae S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976
  29. Phaius tankervilleae var. pulchra (King & Pantl.) Karth. 1989
  30. Phaius tankervilleae var. superbus (Van Houtte) S.Y.Hu 1974
  31. Phaius tenuis Rchb. f. 1857
  32. Phaius veratrifolius (Roxb.) Lindl. 1840
  33. Tankervillia cantoniensis Link 1829

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