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Ophrys sphegodes

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Ophrys sphegodes

Ophrys sphegodes flower

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Ophrys
Species: Ophrys sphegodes
Alliance:
Binomial name
Ophrys sphegodes
Miller 1768


Ophrys sphegodes is a plant of the family Orchidaceae, in the genus Ophrys

DistributionEdit

It has a distribution that includes western and northern Europe extending to parts of southern England but may also be found as far east as Corfu and possibly also in southern Spain. The distribution may however be uncertain because of confusion between related species. In Britain, it is restricted to parts of Dorset, Hampshire and Kent and is regarded as rare although where it is found it may be in stands of many hundreds of plants. Plant is usually found in grassy areas.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms in spring with several 2.5 to 3.8 cm flowers. It forms stands of relatively short plants between 30 cm to 40 cm in April and May. The flowers have yellow-green sepals and a velvety brown labellum with a distinctive H marking so that the flowers much resembles an arthropod and especially a spider.

It is classifies as a British Red Data Book plant. Despite its apparent vulnerability, it has very successfully colonised the chalk spoil dumping grounds created near Dover at Samphire Hoe from the excavations of the Channel Tunnel.

CultureEdit

Plants prefer well-drained low-fertility soils and areas with partial shade. Plants are very sensitive to the addition of fertilizers or fungicides and transplanting because it kills symbiotic fungus. The plant is usually propagated through seed culture. This species is cool growing but not cold tolerant. Divide plant when flower fades. Grow in medium amount of light and cool temperatures.


VaritiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Ophrys sphegodes aesculapii Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aesculapii The plant is found from Albania to S. Turkey. Sepals are green, Petals are yellow, and Lip is brown with a red H shape and yellow edge
Ophrys sphegodes sphe Ophrys sphegodes subsp. araneola
Rchb. (1831)
Plant is also known as the Small Spider Ophrys and found in Europe, Asia Minor. Sepals and Petals are green, and Lip is dark red with a green lines.
Ophrys sphegodes sphegodes lutea Ophrys sphegodes subsp. araneola
Rchb. (1831)
Plant is also known as the Small Spider Ophrys and found in Europe, Asia Minor.Sepals and Petals are green, and Lip is green with a white outlines of an H.
Ophrys sphegodes aa Ophrys sphegodes subsp. araneola
Rchb. (1831)
Plant is also known as the Small Spider Ophrys and found in Europe, Asia Minor.Sepals and Petals are green, and Lip is brown with blue H.
Ophrys sphegodes aveyronensis3 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aveyronensis
J.J. Wood (1983)
The plant is found in France. Sepals and Petals are pink, and Lip is brown with a dark purple H shape
Ophrys sphegodes aveyronensis 2 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aveyronensis
J.J. Wood (1983)
The plant is found in France. Sepals and Petals are pink, and Lip is brown with a wide blue H shape
Ophrys sphegodes aveyronensis Ophrys sphegodes ssp. aveyronensis
J.J. Wood (1983)
The plant is found in France. Sepals and Petals are pink, and Lip is brown
Ophrys sphegodes helenae 2 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. helenae
(Renz) Soó & D.M.Moore (1978)
The plant is found in Greece. Sepals and Petals are green, and Lip is dark red
Ophrys sphegodes helenae Ophrys sphegodes ssp. helenae
(Renz) Soó & D.M.Moore (1978)
The plant is found in Greece. Sepals and Petals are light pink, and Lip is dark red
Ophrys mammosa Ophrys sphegodes ssp. mammosa
(Desf.) Soó ex E.Nelson (1962)
The plant is found in South Eastern Europe to South Turkmenistan and is commonly known as the Bosom Orchid. Sepals and Petals are light pink, and Lip is dark red with a blue H
Ophrys mammosa2 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. mammosa
(Desf.) Soó ex E.Nelson (1962)
The plant is found in South Eastern Europe to South Turkmenistan and is commonly known as the Bosom Orchid. Sepals are green with light red coloring and Petals are yellow, and Lip is dark red with a two long blue streaks
Ophrys mammosa gortynia Ophrys sphegodes ssp. mammosa
(Desf.) Soó ex E.Nelson (1962)
The plant is found in South Eastern Europe to South Turkmenistan and is commonly known as the Bosom Orchid. Sepals and Petals are green, and Lip is dark red with a blue H
Ophrys mammosa mouterdeana Ophrys sphegodes ssp. mammosa
(Desf.) Soó ex E.Nelson (1962)
The plant is found in South Eastern Europe to South Turkmenistan and is commonly known as the Bosom Orchid. Sepals are green with light red coloring and Petals are yellow, and Lip is dark red with a two blue specks in a straiht pattern
Ophrys sphegodes praecox Ophrys sphegodes ssp. praecox The plant is found in France. Sepals and Petals are white, and Lip is dark brown with a blue H.
Ophrys spruneri H Ophrys sphegodes subsp. spruneri
[Nyman] Nelson
The plant is found from Sicilia to Israel. Sepals and petals are pink. Lip is brown with a blue H shape
Ophrys spruneri Ophrys sphegodes subsp. spruneri
[Nyman] Nelson
The plant is found from Sicilia to Israel. Sepals and petals are pink. Lip is brown with a blue web like shape
Ophrys sphegodes spe Ophrys sphegodes variant Sepals are red and Petals are green, and Lip is dark red with a white markings
Ophrys sphegodes sphegodes Ophrys sphegodes variant Sepals are green with an orange edge and Petals are green, and Lip is dark brown with a connected patch of blue.
Ophrys sphegodes Ophrys sphegodes variant Sepals are green with an orange edge and Petals are green, and Lip is dark brown with two blue streaks.

NamingEdit

Common Name:The Wasp-Like Ophyrs - The Early Spider Orchid

SynonymsEdit

  1. Arachnites aranifera Bubani 1901
  2. Arachnites fuciflora var. panormitana Tod. 1842
  3. Myodium araniferum (Huds.) Salisb. 1812
  4. Ophrys arachnites var. panormitana Todaro
  5. Ophrys aranifera Hudson 1761
  6. Ophrys aranifera f. epirotica Renz 1928
  7. Ophrys aranifera f. latipetala Chaub. ex St.-Amans 1821
  8. Ophrys aranifera f. oodicheila Renz 1928
  9. Ophrys aranifera f. peralba G.Keller in W.Zimmerman 1912
  10. Ophrys aranifera f. pseudomuscifera Ruppert 1917
  11. Ophrys aranifera f. purpurea A.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.A.Camus 1929
  12. Ophrys aranifera f. semilunaris W.Zimm. 1917
  13. Ophrys aranifera subsp. helenae (Renz) Soó in ?
  14. Ophrys aranifera subsp. litigiosa (E.G.Camus) P.Fourn. in ?
  15. Ophrys aranifera subsp. macedonica H.Fleischm. ex Soó 1927
  16. Ophrys aranifera subvar. bavarica Soó 1927
  17. Ophrys aranifera var. aurantiaca Beauverd 1929
  18. Ophrys aranifera var. euchlora J.Murray 1905# Ophrys aranifera var. flavescens M.Schulze 1894
  19. Ophrys aranifera var. rotulata Beck 1890# Ophrys aranifera var. subfucifera Rchb.f. 1851
  20. Ophrys argensonensis J.-C.Guérin & A.Merlet 1998# Ophrys castellana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1988
  21. Ophrys cilentana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 2000# Ophrys classica Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 2000
  22. Ophrys cretensis (H.Baumann & Künkele) Paulus 1988# Ophrys crucigera Jacq. 1781# Ophrys climacis Heimeier & Perschke 1998
  23. Ophrys delmeziana P.Delforge 1989
  24. Ophrys epirotica (Renz) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1991
  25. Ophrys exaltata subsp. castellana (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 2002# Ophrys exaltata subsp. cephalonica (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Soca 2002
  26. Ophrys exaltata subsp. marzuola Geniez, Melki & Soca 2002
  27. Ophrys exaltata subsp. mateolana (Medagli & al.) Paulus & Gack 1999
  28. Ophrys exaltata subsp. montis-leonis (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Soca 2002
  29. Ophrys exaltata subsp. sicula Del Prete, nom. illeg.# Ophrys exaltata subsp. tyrrhena (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Del Prete in C.Del Prete & G.Tosi 1988# Ophrys fuciflora subsp. exaltata (Ten.) E.Nelson 1962
  30. Ophrys fuchsii W.Zimm. 1917
  31. Ophrys fucifera Curtis 1790
  32. Ophrys fucifera Sm. 1830
  33. Ophrys fuciflora Curtis 1778
  34. Ophrys galeopsidea Lag. ex Colm. ?
  35. Ophrys gortynia (H.Baumann & Künkele) Paulus 1988
  36. Ophrys hebes (Kalopissis) E.Willing & B.Willing 1980
  37. Ophrys helenae Renz 1928
  38. Ophrys holoserica subsp. exaltata (Ten.) H.Sund. 1975
  39. Ophrys incubacea subsp. garganica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri 2004# Ophrys insectifera var. pallescens Moggr. 1869
  40. Ophrys insectifera var. rubescens Moggr. 1869
  41. Ophrys litigiosa Camus 1900
  42. Ophrys macedonica (H.Fleischm. ex Soó) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1994
  43. Ophrys majellensis (Helga Daiss & Herm.Daiss) P.Delforge 1998
  44. Ophrys massiliensis Viglione & Véla 1999# Ophrys mateolana Medagli & al. 1991
  45. Ophrys melitensis (Salk.) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1994
  46. Ophrys montenegrina (H.Baumann & Künkele) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1991
  47. Ophrys montis-leonis O.Danesch & E.Danesch 1972
  48. Ophrys panormitana (Todaro) Soó 1973
  49. Ophrys panormitana subsp. praecox (Corrias) Paulus & Gack 1995
  50. Ophrys panormitana var. praecox (Corrias) P.Delforge 2000
  51. Ophrys passionis subsp. majellensis (Helga Daiss & Herm.Daiss) Romolini & Soca 2000
  52. Ophrys renzii Soó 1929
  53. Ophrys riojana C.E.Hermos. 1999
  54. Ophrys ruppertii A.Fuchs 1917
  1. Ophrys sphegodes f. latipetala (Chaub. ex St.-Amans) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  2. Ophrys sphegodes f. pseudomuscifera (Ruppert) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  3. Ophrys sphegodes f. subfucifera (Rchb.f.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  4. Ophrys sphegodes lus. aurantiaca (Beauverd) Soó 1970 publ. 1971# Ophrys sphegodes lus. bavarica (Soo) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  5. Ophrys sphegodes lus. euchlora (J.Murray) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  6. Ophrys sphegodes lus. flavescens (M.Schulze) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  7. Ophrys sphegodes lus. pallescens (Moggr.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  8. Ophrys sphegodes lus. peralba (G.Keller) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  9. Ophrys sphegodes lus. purpurea (A.Camus) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  10. Ophrys sphegodes lus. rotulata (Beck) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  11. Ophrys sphegodes lus. rubescens (Moggr.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  12. Ophrys sphegodes lus. semilunaris (W.Zimm.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  13. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. aesculapii (Renz) Soó ex J.J.Wood 1980
  14. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. cephalonica B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1984
  15. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. cretensis H.Baumann & Künkele 1986# Ophrys sphegodes subsp. epirotica (Renz) Gölz & H.R.Reinhard 1983
  16. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. garganica E.Nelson 1962
  17. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. gortynia H.Baumann & Künkele 1986
  18. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. hebes Kalopissis 1975
  19. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. helenae (Renz) Soó & D.M.Moore 1978
  20. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. litigiosa (Rchb.) Lainz ?
  21. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. litigiosa (E.G.Camus) Bech. 1925
  22. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. majellensis Helga Daiss & Herm.Daiss 1996 publ. 1997
  23. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. melitensis Salk. 1992
  24. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. montenegrina H.Baumann & Künkele 1988
  25. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. oodicheila (Renz) Riech. 2004
  26. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. panormitana (Tod.) Kreutz 2004
  27. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. praecox B. Corrias 1983
  28. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. provincialis H. Baumann & Künkele 1988
  29. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. provincialis Nelson, nom. inval
  30. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. sicula Nelson ex Soó 1978
  31. Ophrys sphegodes var. garganicoides Balayer 1986
  32. Ophrys sphegodes var. gigantea A.Fuchs 1917
  33. Ophrys sphegodes var. helenae (Renz) H.Sund. 1975
  34. Ophrys sphegodes var. subaesculapiana Balayer 1986
  35. Ophrys sphegodes var. sicula (E.Nelson ex Soó) Galesi 2004
  36. Ophrys sphegodes var. subspruneriana Balayer 1986
  37. Ophrys sphegodes var. subtommasiniana Balayer 1986
  38. Ophrys spruneri subsp. panormitana (Tod.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  39. Ophrys tarquinia P.Delforge 2000
  40. Ophrys trinacrica Del Prete ?
  41. Ophrys tommasinii subsp. litigiosa (E.G.Camus) Soó 1973

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