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Ophrys fusca

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Ophrys fusca

Ophrys fusca

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Ophrys
Species: Ophrys fusca
Alliance:
Binomial name
Ophrys fusca
Link 1799


Ophrys fusca is a plant of the family Orchidaceae that is found in Europe to Africa.

DistributionEdit

Plants are found growing in the grasslands of Mediterranean Europe, North Africa and the Levant from 0 to 1500 meters in elevation

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms from winter to spring with one to ten 5 cm flowers.

CultureEdit

Plants prefer well-drained low-fertility soils and areas with partial shade. Plants are very sensitive to the addition of fertilizers or fungicides and transplanting because it kills symbiotic fungus. The plant is usually propagated through seed culture. This species is cool to cold growing. Divide plant when flower fades.

SubspeciesEdit

Image Name Description
Ophrys fusca blitopertha Ophrys fusca ssp. blitopertha
Risso 1844
Plant is found in from Aegean Is. to SW. Turkey.Lip is dark brown with a light colored patch and yellow edge, sepals and petals are green
Ophrys fusca cinereophila2 Ophrys fusca ssp. cinereophila
Paulus & Gack 1998
Plant is found from S. Greece to N. Syria. Lip is light brown with a light colored patch and yellow tip, sepals and petals are green
Ophrys fusca cinereophila Ophrys fusca ssp. cinereophila
Paulus & Gack 1998
Plant is found from S. Greece to N. Syria. Lip is light brown with a light purple colored patch and yellow edge, sepals and petals are yellow green
Ophrys fusca funerea Ophrys fusca ssp. funera Found in the mediterranean and also known as the funeral orchid. Lip is light brown with a purple colored patch, sepals and petals are green
Ophrys iricolor Ophrys fusca ssp. iricolor Lip is light brown with a blue colored patch, sepals are brown and petals are green
Ophrys iricolor maxima Ophrys fusca ssp. maxima Lip is light brown with a blue colored patch, sepals are reddish with green edge and petals are green
Ophrys fusca obaesa Ophrys fusca ssp. obaesa Lip is light brown with a blue tinted colored patch, sepals and petals are green
Ophrys fusca pallida Ophrys fusca ssp. pallida
(Rafinesque) E.G. Camus 1929
Plants are found in NW Sicily, NE Algeria, Malta and Tunisia. Lip is dark brown with purple patch, sepals are green and petals are white

VarietiesEdit

Image Name Description
Ophrys fusca2 Ophrys fusca variant Lip is dark brown with white patch and yellow green edge, sepals and petals are green
Ophrys fusca3 Ophrys fusca variant Lip is brown with yellow patch and yellow edge, sepals and petals are green
Ophrys fusca1 Ophrys fusca variant Lip is brown with pink patch and yellow edge, sepals and petals are green

NamingEdit

Common name:The Brownish Ophyrs

SynonymsEdit

  1. Arachnites fusca Tod. 1893
  2. Ophrys africana G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche 2001
  3. Ophrys arnoldii P.Delforge 1999
  4. Ophrys attaviria Rückbrodt & Wenker 1990
  5. Ophrys bilunulata Risso 1844
  6. Ophrys blitopertha Paulus & Gack 1998
  7. Ophrys cinereophila Paulus & Gack 1998
  8. Ophrys creberrima Paulus 1998
  9. Ophrys cressa Paulus 1998
  10. Ophrys creticola Paulus 1998
  11. Ophrys ficuzzana H.Baumann & Künkele 1986
  12. Ophrys funcrea Viviani 1824
  13. Ophrys fusca subsp. akhdarensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2001
  14. Ophrys fusca subsp. blitopertha (Paulus & Gack) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen 2002
  15. Ophrys fusca subsp. creberrima (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar 2002
  16. Ophrys fusca subsp. cressa (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar 2002
  17. Ophrys fusca subsp. creticola (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar 2002
  18. Ophrys fusca subsp. thriptiensis (Paulus) H.Kretzschmar 2002
  19. Ophrys fusca var. forestieri Rchb. f 1851
  20. Ophrys fusca var. maculata Balayer 1986
  21. Ophrys fusca var. rubescens Balayer 1986
  22. Ophrys holoserica subsp. maxima (H. Fleischmann) Greuter 1967
  23. Ophrys marmorata G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche 1998
  24. Ophrys myodes Lapeyr. 1813
  25. Ophrys nicotiae Zodda 1900
  26. Ophrys obaesa Lojac. 1909
  27. Ophrys obscura Beck 1879
  28. Ophrys oestrifera Rchb. 1830
  29. Ophrys parosica P.Delforge 1995
  30. Ophrys pectus Mutel 1835
  31. Ophrys peraiolae G.Foelsche & al. 2000
  32. Ophrys peraiolae var. rubra G.Foelsche & al. 2000
  33. Ophrys phaseliana D.Rückbr. & U.Rückbr. 1996
  34. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. moesziana Soó 1927
  35. Ophrys sulcata Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1994
  36. Ophrys thriptiensis Paulus 1998
  37. Ophrys tricolor Desf. ex Nyman 1882
  38. Ophrys truncata Dulac 1867; Ophrys zonata Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 1994

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