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Miltonia moreliana 201302Fev IMG 8052
Miltonia moreliana

Miltonia spectabilis var moreliana

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
SubTribe: Oncidiinae
Genus: Miltonia
Species: Milt. moreliana
Alliance:
Binomial name
Miltonia moreliana
A.Rich 1848


Miltonia moreliana is an epiphytic orchid from the genus Miltonia.

DescriptionEdit

Plants bloom around February in nature, and between August and October in culture. Inflorescences bear normally only one flower, and flowers are 7 - 9 cm wide. The variety moreliana was described in 1846 by Henfrey, and is the most frequently cultivated variety of Miltonia spectabilis.

Miltonia spectabilis is parent of many Miltonia hybrids, like Miltonia Anne Warne, Miltonia May Moir, Miltonia Purple Queen, and Miltonia Seminole Blood. Further, it was used to generate warmth tolerant, multigeneric hybrids like Miltassia Charles M. Fitch, Vuylstekeara Mem. Mary Kavanaugh and Vulstekeara Robin Pittman.

Four natural hybrids have been described: Miltonia xbluntii (x Miltonia clowesii), Miltonia xfestiva (x Miltonia flavescens), Miltonia xcogniauxiae (x Miltonia regnellii), and Miltonia xleucoglossa (x Miltonia candida).

DistributionEdit

Plants are found in the Brazilian states Pernambuco, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, growing epiphytically in forests of the lower mountain regions with high humidity at elevations around 800 meters.

CultureEdit

Grow in intermediate conditions with moderate light during Summer, and more light during Winter. High humidity is essential for successful cultivation (which makes them not so easy to grow in a windowsill). The pot medium should not dry out completely, but sufficient drainage is needed to avoid root rot. At all time mist the plants frequently, if possibly in the morning to mimic the morning dew of the natural habitat. Plants should be potted in a well drain medium such as medium fir bark.

NamingEdit

Common name: Morel's Miltonia

Miltonia moreliana A.Rich., Portef. Hortic. 2: 38 (1848).

SynonymsEdit

Homotypic Synonyms:

Miltonia spectabilis var. moreliana (A.Rich.) Henfr., Gard. Mag. (London) 3: 41 (1851).

Heterotypic Synonyms:

  1. Miltonia morelii B.S.Williams, Orch.-Grow. Man., ed. 2, 119 (1862), orth. var
  2. Miltonia rosea Verschaff. ex Lem., Ill. Hort. 14: t. 524 (1867).
  3. Miltonia warneri G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 369 (1886).
  4. Miltonia spectabilis var. atrorubens Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 2: 350 (1894)

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