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Miltonia candida

Miltonia candida

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
SubTribe: Oncidiinae
Genus: Miltonia
Species: Milt. candida
Alliance:
Binomial name
Miltonia candida
Lindl. 1838


Miltonia candida is an epiphytic orchid from the genus Miltonia.

DescriptionEdit

Plants bloom around October to November in culture. Inflorescences bear normally 4 to 6 flowers, and the flowers are 6 - 7 cm wide. Sepals and petals are yellow with big maroon spots, and the lip is white with lavender markings at it's base.

DistributionEdit

Plants are found in the Brazilian states Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and Sao Paulo, growing epiphytically in forests of the lower mountain regions with high humidity at elevations between 500 and 600 meters.

CultureEdit

Grow in intermediate conditions with moderate light during Summer, and more light during Winter. During the growing period, high humidity is essential for successful cultivation (which makes them not so easy to grow in a windowsill). The pot medium should not dry out completely when growing, but sufficient drainage is needed to avoid root rot. At all time mist the plants frequently, if possibly in the morning to mimic the morning dew of the natural habitat. Plants should be potted in a well drain medium such as medium fir bark.

HybridsEdit

Three natural hybrids have been described: Miltonia x binotii (x Miltonia regnellii), Miltonia x lamarckeana (x Miltonia clowesii) and Miltonia x leucoglossa (x Miltonia spectabilis).

First articifial hybrid was Odontonia Cybel (x Odontoglossum cirrhosum), registered in 1913 by Charlesworth. Subsequently, Miltonia has been used 17 further times for hybridization - eg by crossing it to other Miltonias (12x), Aspasia (1x), Miltassia (1x), Odontoglossum (2x) and Odontioda (1x).

NamingEdit

Common name: Snow-white Miltonia

SynonymsEdit

  1. Cyrtochilum flavescens (Lindl.) 1838
  2. Miltonia loddigesii Hort. ex Rchb.f. 1856
  3. Oncidium flavescens (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1863
  4. Cyrtochilum stellatum Lindl. 1838
  5. Miltonia stellata (Lindl.) Lindl. 1839
  6. Oncidium stellatum (Lind.) Beer 1854

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