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Lycaste

Lycaste skinneri plate
Lycaste skinneri from
Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Maxillarieae
SubTribe: Lycastinae
Alliance:
Genus: Lycaste
Lindley 1842
Type Species
Lycaste macrophylla


Lycaste, abbreviated as Lyc in horticultural trade, is a genus of orchids that contains about 30 species with egg-shaped pseudobulbs and thin, plicate (pleated) leaves.

DistributionEdit

Plants are found from Mexico through tropical America

DescriptionEdit

Lycaste flowers, like all orchid blooms, have three petals and three sepals. The petals are typically yellow, white, or orange, and the sepals are yellow, orange, green, or reddish brown. The petals and sepals may be marked sparsely or densely with red, reddish purple, purple, or reddish brown spots. The lip (ventral petal) may be very similar to the other two petals, as in Lycaste aromatica or Lycaste brevispatha, or colored quite distinctively, as in several subspecies and varieties of Lycaste macrophylla. Most Lycaste flowers are medium in size, averaging about 5 to 10 cm, but Lyc. schilleriana is 16-18 cm across. Some Lycaste blooms have a unique fragrance - the scent of Lyc. aromatica has been variously described as cinnamon or clove. The blooms of the species Lyc. cochleata, consobrina, and cruenta also have a pleasant scent.

CultureEdit

Plants are usually grown in medium light with cool to warm temperatures. Use a mix of 75% fine fir bark with 25% perlite or use full sphagnum moss. Water regularly. Watering should be done when potting mix just begins to dry. Plants prefer high humidity. They need a two to three week dry rest in the late winter. Resume water and fertilizer when new growth appears.

NamingEdit

The plant is named after the daughter of Priamos king of the Trojans

Species Edit

Natural HybridsEdit

ResourcesEdit

PDF iconAOS Lycaste culture sheet


ReferencesEdit

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