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Dendrophylax lindenii

Dendrophylax lindenii

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
SubTribe: Angraecinae
Genus: Dendrophylax
Species: Denphx. lindenii
Alliance:
Binomial name
Dendrophylax lindenii
Senghas 1989


Dendrophylax lindenii is an species in the genus Dendrophylax.

DescriptionEdit

This orchid blossoms from summer to fall, with one to ten fragrant flowers that open one at a time. The white flower is 3 to 4 cm wide and 7 to 9 cm long and is borne on spikes arising from the root network. The lower lip produces two long, petals that twist slightly downward, resembling the back legs of a jumping frog. Its bracts are scarious - that is, thin, dry, membranous, and paperlike.

The bulk of the plant consists only of flat, cord-like, green roots with distinctive "track marks."

This is an endangered orchid in the wild. Cultivation outside of its native environment has proven exceptionally difficult, but not impossible. Although many fail in the attempt to raise seedlings grown in sterile culture into adult plants, some have succeeded, and it would be a worthwhile venture for experienced orchid growers to attempt cultivation of this plant obtained from a legal source

Pollination is done by the giant sphinx moth, the only local insect with a long enough proboscis. In this regard it may be said to be the America's answer to the Madagascar orchid Angraecum sesquipedale, which lead Darwin to predict that a long-tongued species of moth would be found to fertilize it. Years later the moth responsible was discovered: Morgan's hawk moth Xanthopan morgani.

DistributionEdit

This orchid is an epiphyte, anchored in a network of large, tangled mass on a tree. It is found in moist, swampy forests in southwestern Florida and Cuba.

CultureEdit

Grow in moderate light and with warm temperatures. Plant is grown mounted on cork or tree fern fibers. Water regularly during growing season in the summer and reduce watering during the winter. Plant prefers high humidity.

NamingEdit

Entomology:Its epithet "lindenii" is derived from its discoverer, the Belgian plant collector Jean Jules Linden who saw this orchid for the first time in Cuba in 1844. Much later it was also discovered in the Everglades in Florida.

Common Names: Palm Polly, White Frog Orchid, White Butterfly Orchid, The Ghost Orchid, Linden's Dendrophylax

SynonymsEdit

  1. Aeranthes lindenii (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1864
  2. Aeranthus lindenii [Lindley]Rchb.f. ?
  3. *Angraecum lindenii Lindley 1846
  4. Dendrophylax lindenii [Lindl.]Bth. ex Rolfe 1888
  5. Polyrrhiza lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910

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