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Dendrobium nobile

Den nobile

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Dendrobieae
SubTribe: Dendrobiinae
Genus: Dendrobium
Species: Den. nobile
Alliance:
Binomial name
Dendrobium nobile
Lindley 1830


Dendrobium nobile is a species of genus Dendrobium

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms mostly during the winter with two to four 7.5 cm flowers. Flowers are fragrant.

It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it has the name shí hú (石斛) or shí hú lán (石斛兰). This orchid is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the family. There is many different created varieties which blooms in different colors - yellow, white e.t.c. The origin of the plant is in the south parts of Asia.

Dendrobium nobile is sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces little offsets by continuing the life of the plant. The same cycle is used every year. The stem is erect and during the flowering period it forms blooms on its sides along the whole length of the orchid. This monocot has thin, white roots and leads epiphytic type of life.

DistributionEdit

Plants are found growing on mossy rocks in the lower montane forest of Assam, the Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanamar, Thailand, Laos, Philippines and Vietnam at elevations of 200 to 2000 meters

CultureEdit

Plant grows in intermediate to warm temperatures with medium amounts of light. Keep plant moist and fertilize during growth season. During winter withold watering until new shoots appear. Grow in a well drained mix of sphagnum moss or medium fir bark.

VaritiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Dendrobium nobile var. virginale Dendrobium nobile var. virginale Sepals and petals are white, lip is white.

NamingEdit

Common Names:The Noble Dendrobium

SynonymEdit

  1. Callista nobilis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891
  2. Dendrobium coerulescens Wallich 1838
  3. Dendrobium formosanum [Rchb.f]Masamune 1933
  4. Dendrobium lindleyanum Griffith 1851
  5. Dendrobium nobile f. nobilius (Rchb.f.) M.Hiroe 1971
  6. Dendrobium nobile var. alboluteum Huyen & Aver. 1989
  7. Dendrobium nobile var. formosanum Rchb.f. 1883
  8. Dendrobium nobile var. nobilius Rchb.f. 1833

ResourcesEdit

PDF iconHigh frequency early flowering from in vitro seedlings of Dendrobium nobile

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