Dactylorhiza sambucina

Dactylorhiza sambucina

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
Species: Dactylorhiza sambucina
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza sambucina
(L.) Soó 1962

Dactylorhiza sambucina is a species of Dactylorhiza found in Europe.


Plant blooms from spring to summer with eight to ten 2.5 cm wide flowers. Flowers are fragrant.


Plants are found growing in open woodland forest and poor grassy areas of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Denmark, Germany, Czechloslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland , Belarus, Ukraine and the Baltics at elevations up to 2600 meters


Plants require partial shade and cool temperatures. Plant is easy to grow and can grow in mediums from garden soil to acidic peat. Water regularly.


Common Names: The Elder-Scented Dactylorhiza


  1. Dactylorhiza fasciculata (Tineo) H.Baumann & Künkele 1981
  2. Dactylorhiza latifolia f. rubra (Winterl) D.Tyteca & Gathoye 1990
  3. Dactylorhiza sambucina f. chusae C.E.Hermos. 2000
  4. Dactylorhiza sambucina f. robusta (Neuman) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  5. Dactylorhiza sambucina f. hybrida [Zimm] Kumpell 2001 publ. 2002
  6. Dactylorhiza sambucina f. rubra (Winterl) Hyl. 1966
  7. Dactylorhiza sambucina f. rubrobracteata (Harz ex Schltdl., Langeth. & Schenk) Soo 1970 publ. 1971
  8. Dactylorhiza sambucina lusus incarnata (Gaudin) Soó 1962
  9. Dactylorhiza sambucina var. hungarica (Soó) Soó 1962
  10. Dactylorhiza sambucina var. hybrida (W.Zimm.) Peitz 1972
  11. Orchis fasciculata Tineo 1844
  12. Orchis incarnata Willd. 1805
  13. Orchis laurentina R.Bolos ex Vayr.1880
  14. Orchis lutea Dulac 1867
  15. Orchis lutea var. subfusca Rchb.f.?
  16. Orchis pallens Moritzi 1844
  17. Orchis pseudosambucina var. fasciculata (Tineo) Nyman 1882
  18. Orchis saccata Rchb. 1830
  19. Orchis salina Fronius 1857
  20. *Orchis sambucina L. 1755
  21. Orchis sambucina laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) Willk. 1893
  22. Orchis sambucina f. barlae Rouy 1912
  23. Orchis sambucina f. bracteata M.Schulze 1889
  24. Orchis sambucina f. hungarica Soó 1927
  25. Orchis sambucina f. lanceolata W.Zimm. 1916
  26. Orchis sambucina f. laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) Soó 1927
  27. Orchis sambucina f. obovata W.Zimm. 1916
  28. Orchis sambucina f. purpurea (W.D.J.Koch) Neuman 1901
  29. Orchis sambucina f. rubrobracteata Harz ex Schltdl. 1895
  30. Orchis sambucina lusus hybrida W.Zimm. 1916
  31. Orchis sambucina lusus lutea W.Zimm 1912
  32. Orchis sambucina lusus luteopurpurea (Rouy) G.Keller & Soó 1933
  33. Orchis sambucina lusus rubra (Winterl) Soó 1933
  34. Orchis sambucina monstr. subregalis Soó 1933
  35. Orchis sambucina subsp. laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) Malag. 1968
  36. Orchis sambucina subvar. luteopurpurea Rouy 1912
  37. Orchis sambucina subvar. purpurea (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy 1912
  38. Orchis sambucina var. bracteata (M.Schulze) Harz 1895
  39. Orchis sambucina var. hungarica (Soó) A.Camus 1928
  40. Orchis sambucina var. incarnata Gaudin 1829
  41. Orchis sambucina var. laurentina (R.Bolos ex Vayr.) Soó 1962
  42. Orchis sambucina var. lutea E.G.Camus 1928
  43. Orchis sambucina var. purpurea W.D.J.Koch 1837
  44. Orchis sambucina var. robusta Neuman 1901
  45. Orchis sambucina var. rubra Winterl 1788
  46. Orchis sambucina var. zimmermannii A.Camus 1928
  47. Orchis schleicheri Sweet 1827
  48. Orchis subfusca (Rchb.f.) Murb. 1899

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