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Dactylorhiza maculata

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Dactylorhiza maculata

Dactylorhiza maculata

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
Species: Dactylorhiza maculata
Alliance:
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza maculata
(Linne) Soó 1962


Dactylorhiza maculata is a species of Dactylorhiza found in Europe.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms from late spring to early summer with many 2 cm flowers. Leaves of plant are plain green or spotted.

DistributionEdit

Found in bogs and wet grassy areas in Europe to Siberia and out to North Western Africa.

CultureEdit

Plants require partial shade and cool temperatures. Plant is easy to grow and can grow in mediums from garden soil to acidic peat. Water regularly.

VarietiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Dactylorhiza maculata alba Dactylorhiza maculata var. alba Sepals and petals are white. Lip is white.
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. battandieri Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. battandieri Sepals and petals are magenta. Lip is magenta with light specks.
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. caramulensis Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. caramulensis Sepals white and petals are pink. Lip is white with magenta lines.
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. maurusia Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. maurusia Sepals and petals are pink. Lip is pink and longer.
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. savogiensis Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. savogiensis Sepals and petals are magenta. Lip is magenta with purple designs.

NamingEdit

Common Names: The Spotted Dactylorhiza, Heath Spotted Orchid, Moorland Spotted Orchid

SynonymsEdit

  1. Dactylorchis elodes (Griseb.) Verm. 1947
  2. Dactylorchis maculata (Linne) Vermeulen 1947
  3. Dactylorhiza maculata f. brevicalcarata (Rohlena) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  4. Dactylorchis maculata subsp. arduennensis Zadoks 1954
  5. Dactylorchis maculata subsp. elodes (Griseb.) Verm. ?
  6. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. ericetorum (E.F.Linton) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965# Dactylorchis maculata subsp. islandica Á.Löve & D.Löve 1948
  7. Dactylorchis maculata subsp. montellii Verm. 1947
  8. Dactylorchis maculata var. heuffelii Borsos & Soó 1959
  9. Dactylorchis maculata var. hunyadensis Borsos & Soó 1959
  10. Dactylorchis maurusia (Emb. & Maire) Verm. 1947
  11. Dactylorhiza battandieri Raynaud 1985
  12. Dactylorhiza elodes (Griseb.) Aver. 1982# Dactylorhiza elodes (Griseb.) Englmaier 1984
  13. Dactylorhiza ericetorum (E.F.Linton) Aver. 1981
  14. Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. meyeri (Rchb.f.) Kulikov & E.G.Philippov 2004
  15. Dactylorhiza islandica (Á. Löve & D. Löve) Aver.1984
  16. Dactylorhiza kolaensis (Montell) Aver. 1984
  17. Dactylorhiza kotschyi (Rchb. f.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh 1965
  18. Dactylorhiza maculata f. angustiflora (Verm.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  19. Dactylorhiza maculata f. brevicalcarata (Rohlena) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  20. Dactylorhiza maculata lus. albicans (Thielens) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  21. Dactylorhiza maculata lus. carnea (Thielens) Soó 1970 publ. 1971
  22. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. arduennensis (Zadoks) Tournay 1967
  23. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. austriaca Voth 1978
  24. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. averyanovii Jagiello 1990
  25. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. battandieri (Raynaud) H.Baumann & Künkele 1988
  26. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. deflexa Landwehr 1975
  27. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. elodes (Griseb.) Soó 1962
  28. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. ericetorum (E.F.Linton) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1965
  29. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. islandica (Á.Löve & D.Löve) Soó 1962
  30. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. maurusia (Emb. & Maire) Soó 1962
  31. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. meyeri (Rchb. fil.) Tournay 1967
  32. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. podesta (Landwehr) Kreutz 2000
  33. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. schurii (Klinge) Soó 1967
  34. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. transsilvanica (Schur) Soó 1962
  35. Dactylorchis maculata var. angustiflora Verm. 1949
  36. Dactylorhiza maculata var. averyanovii Jagiello 1986-1987 publ. 1988
  37. Dactylorhiza maculata var. dalarnensis Landwehr 1975
  38. Dactylorhiza maculata var. elodes (Griseb.) Aver. 2000
  39. Dactylorhiza maculata var. olgae Soó 1960
  40. Dactylorhiza maculata var. podesta Landwehr 1977
  41. Dactylorhiza maculata var. pseudoelata Balayer 1986
  42. Dactylorhiza maculata var. transsilvanica (Schur) P.Delforge 2000
  43. Dactylorhiza maurusia (Emb. & Maire) Holub 1973
  44. Dactylorhiza montellii (Verm.) P.Delforge 1990
  45. Dactylorhiza schurii (Klinge) Aver. 1984
  46. Dactylorhiza transsilvanica (Schur) Aver. 1982
  47. Orchis angustifolia f. schurii Klinge 1893
  48. Orchis basilica L. ex Klinge 1898
  49. Orchis biermannii Ortm. 1850
  50. Orchis calvellii A.Terracc. 1889-1890
  51. Orchis candidissima Krock. 1814
  52. Orchis comosa F.W.Schmidt 1795
  53. Orchis elodes Griseb. 1845
  54. Orchis ericetorum (E.F.Linton) A.Benn. 1905
  55. Orchis incarnata var. kotschyi Rchb.f. 1851
  56. Orchis kotschyi (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1923
  57. Orchis macedonica Griseb. 1846
  58. *Orchis maculata Linne 1753
  59. Orchis maculata Thielens 1875
  60. Orchis maculata f. brevicalcarata Rohlena 1931
  61. Orchis maculata subsp. baborica Maire & Weiller 1959
  62. Orchis maculata subsp. elodes (Griseb.) O.Bolòs & Vigo 2001
  63. Orchis maculata subsp. maurusia (Emb. & Maire) Maire & Weiller 1959
  64. Orchis maculata subsp. meyeri (Rchb.f.) O.Bolòs & Vigo 2001
  65. Orchis maculata var. ericetorum E.F.Linton 1900
  66. Orchis maculata var. heuffelii (Borsos & Soó) Pauca 1972
  67. Orchis maculata var. hunyadensis (Borsos & Soó) Pauca 1972
  68. Orchis maculata var. kolaensis Montell 1947
  69. Orchis maculata var. meyeri Rchb. fil. 1851
  70. Orchis maculata var. nesogenes Briq. 1910
  71. Orchis maculata var. olgae (Soó) Pauca 1972
  72. Orchis maculata var. sacciferoides Klinge ex Schulze 1902
  73. Orchis maculata var. schurii (Klinge) Pauca 1972
  74. Orchis maurusia Emb. & Maire 1930
  75. Orchis nemorosa Montandon 1868
  76. Orchis nesogenes (Briq.) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud 1912
  77. Orchis obtusifolia Schur 1853
  78. Orchis ochrantha Fleischm. 1908 publ. 1909
  79. Orchis solida Moench 1794
  80. Orchis tetragona Heuff. 1833
  81. Orchis transsilvanica Schur 1853

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