Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
Species: Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza fuchsii
(Druce) Soó 1962

Dactylorhiza fuchsii is a species of Dactylorhiza found in Europe.


Plant blooms from spring to summer with twenty to fifty 2 cm wide flowers.

The flower colour can vary from white to pale purple with purple spots. The lip has three lobes. Some colonies are highly perfumed, attractive to day-flying moths.


Plants are found in ubiquitous from alkaline marshes to chalk downland of Iceland, Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Corsica, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czechloslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Most Russia, Western Siberia and Mongolia.


Plants require partial shade and cool temperatures. Plant is easy to grow and can grow in mediums from garden soil to acidic peat. Water regularly.


Common Names: Fuch's Dactylorhiza


  1. Dactylorchis fuchsii (Druce) Vermeulen 1947
  2. Dactylorhiza fuchsii f. alpina Landwehr 1975
  3. Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. hebridensis (Wilmott) Soó 1962
  4. Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. meyeri (Rchb.f.) Kulikov & E.G.Philippov 2004
  5. Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. okellyi (Druce) Soó 1962
  6. Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. psychrophila (Schltr.) Holub 1964
  7. Dactylorchis fuchsii subsp. sooana Borsos 1959
  8. Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. sooana (Borsos) Borsos 1961
  9. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. alpina (Landwehr) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1989
  10. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. cornubiensis (Pugsley) Soó 1962
  11. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. hebridensis (Wilmott) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1989
  12. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. longibracteata Voth 1978
  13. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. magnocalcarata Landwehr 1975
  14. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. okellyi (Druce) R.M.Bateman & Denholm 1989
  15. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. rhodochila Turner Ettl. 1991
  16. Dactylorhiza fuchsii var. trilobata (Bréb.) P.D.Sell in P.D.Sell & G.Murrel 1996
  17. Dactylorhiza hebridensis (Wilmott) Aver. 1986
  18. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. fuchsii (Druce) Hylander 1966
  19. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. hebridensis (Wilmott) H.Baumann & Künkele 1988
  20. Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. okellyi (Druce) H.Baumann & Künkele 1988
  21. Dactylorhiza maculata var. psychrophila (Schltr.) Voth 1980
  22. Dactylorhiza meyeri (Rchb. fil.) Averyanov 1982
  23. Dactylorhiza okellyi (Druce) Aver. 1984
  24. Dactylorhiza psychrophila (Schltr.) Aver. 1982
  25. *Orchis fuchsii Druce 1915
  26. Orchis hebridensis Wilmott 1939
  27. Orchis longebracteata F.W. Schmidt 1791
  28. Orchis longibracteata Schur 1866
  29. Orchis maculata var. cornubiensis Pugsley 1940
  30. Orchis maculata var. meyeri Rchb. fil. ?
  31. Orchis maculata var. okellyi Druce 1909
  32. Orchis maculata var. trilobata De Brebisson 1870
  33. Orchis okellyi (Druce) Druce 1914 publ. 1915
  34. Orchis maculata var. psychrophila Schltr. 1928

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