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Cymbidium iridioides

Cymbidium iridioides

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
SubTribe: Cyrtopodiinae
Genus: Cymbidium
Species: Cym. iridioides
Alliance:
Binomial name
Cymbidium iridioides
D. Don 1825


Cymbidium iridioides is a species of Cymbidium is found in asia.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms from fall to winter with four to ten 10 cm wide flowers. Flowers are fragrant.

Cymbidium iridoides was first collected in Nepal by Wallich in 1821 and then described by David Don in 1825 from material in the Wallich herbarium.[1] It was published in 1832 as Cymbidium giganteum by Lindley because of Don's brief descriptions.[1]

This species is similar to Cymbidium erythraeum but has more narrow floral segments and more narrow leaves.[1] The lip is also distinct by lacking a undulating margin and it has central lines of cilia.[1]


DistributionEdit

Plant is found growing on mossy trees and limestone cliffs of Xizang, Guizhou, Sichuan, and Yunnan provinces of China; Kumaon, Assam, Sikkim, and Meghalaya states of India; Bhutan; Nepal; Myanmar; and Vietnam at elevations of 900 to 2800 meters.[1]

CultureEdit

Plant should be grown in cool to intermediate areas with medium to bright light. Pot in a loose well drain mix such as bark and perlite. Plant prefers dry periods between watering. Water about once a week.


VarietiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Cymbidium iridioides 1 Cymbidium iridioides variant Sepals and petals are brown, lip is white with several spots
Cymbidium iridioides hendrik Cymbidium iridioides 'Hendrik' Sepals and petals are red, lip is white with red spots
Cymbidium iridioides Gap Sook Cymbidium iridioides 'Gap Sook' Sepals and petals are yellow and spotted, lip is white with red spots

NamingEdit

Common Name: The Iris-Like Cymbidium

SynonymsEdit

  1. Cymbidium giganteum Wall. ex Lindl. 1833
  2. Cyperorchis gigantea (Blume) Schltr. 1924
  3. Iridorchis gigantea [Lindley]Blume
  4. Limodorum longifolium Buch.-Ham. ex Lindl. 1833

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Cribb, Phillip, and David Du Puy (1988). The Genus Cymbidium (Timber Press). 

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