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Cymbidium aloifolium

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Cymbidium aloifolium

Cymbidium aloifolium

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
SubTribe: Cyrtopodiinae
Genus: Cymbidium
Species: Cym. aloifolium
Alliance:
Binomial name
Cymbidium aloifolium
Lindl. 1828


Cymbidium aloifolium is a species of Cymbidium which blooms on a pendant inflorescence.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms on a 75 cm pendant inflorescence with up to 75 flowers. Flowers are 4.25 cm wide with red stripes on petals and sepal. The plant produces four to five leaves per growth.

The species' flowers can be easily confused with Cymbidium dayanum but differs by having a rounded lip edge and an hourglass shape in the center of the lip. Plant blooms in winter to early spring. This species is similar to Cymbidium bicolor, but differs by the strong veined maroon color on the side of the lip and the length of the sidelobes are also longer.[1]

Cymbidium aloifolium was the first species of Cymbidium known in Europe which was described by Linnaeus as Epidendrum aloifolium in Species Plantarum in 1753 based on illustrations by Rheede.[1] The drawings were based on a plant collected in southwestern peninsular India growing on a tree of Strychnos nux-vomica.[1]

The plant was transferred to the genus Cymbidium by Swartz in 1799.[1] Because the species was confused with Cymbidium bicolor, Rolfe did a study of the Cymbidium aloifolium and bicolor complex in 1917 and recognized five separate species.[1] Both Cymbidium bicolor and Cymbidium aloifolium grow in similar habitats and colonize in similar niches.[1] They often form extensive root systems on rotting wood. Although their distribution range overlaps, the two species do not seem to hybridize due to the slight difference in flowering seasons.[1]

DistributionEdit

Cymbidium aloifolium is found in dry decidious forests in tree trunk and branches, mossy rocks, rotting wood, and leaf litter of open areas with partial shade. The plant is found at elevations of 0 to 1500 meters in Guangdong, Hong Kong, China; Bangladesh; eastern Himalayas; Assam India; Nepal; Sri Lanka; Andaman Islands; Myanamar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Malaysia; Java and Sumatra.

The plant is also found growing on trunks of palm trees and on rocks.[1]

CultureEdit

Cym aloifolium plate

Plate of Cymbidium aloifolium

Plant should be grown in intermediate to warm areas with medium to bright light. Pot with bark and perlite. Plant prefers dry periods between watering. Reduce watering during the winter.

VarietiesEdit

ImageNameDescription
Cym aloifolium Cymbidium aloifolium Sepals are yellow and petals are yellow with a red stripe, lip is yellow with red stripes

NamingEdit

Common Name: The Aloe-Leafed Cymbidium

SynonymsEdit

  1. Aerides borassi Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. 1813
  2. Cymbidium crassifolium Wall. 1828
  3. Cymbidium erectum Wight 1852
  4. Cymbidium intermedium H.G.Jones 1974
  5. Cymbidium mannii Rchb. f. 1872
  6. Cymbidium pendulum (Roxb.) Sw. 1799
  7. Cymbidium simulans Rolfe 1917
  8. Epidendrum aloides Curtis 1797
  9. Epidendrum aloifolium L. 1753
  10. Epidendrum pendulum Roxb. 1795

ResourcesEdit

PDF iconCost effective protocol for in vitro mass propagation of Cymbidium aloifolium


ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Cribb, Phillip, and David Du Puy (1988). The Genus Cymbidium (Timber Press). 

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