The genus Cochleanthes is made up of fifteen species of orchids. It is abbreviated as Cnths. in horticultural trade.
Species in this genus originate from South America. Plants are epiphytes and grow at elevations of up to 1500 metres in cloud forests.
This genus as a rule lacks pseudobulbs and consequently produces tufted fan-like growths of fairly erect narrow leaves, and conforms to the sympodial method of growth.
Plants of this genus produce single-flowered inflorescences, with the flowers often being quite large for the size of the plant, and occurring at any time of the year, though slightly more concentrated during summer in cultivation. All members of this genus have their flowers dominated by the large labellum (lip) which often has longitudinal markings upon it which serve as a nectar guide for pollinating insects. The flowers have four pollinia.
Keep plant frost free and at intermediate temperatures with high humidity. Keep plant in shade to moderate light. Potting media should not be allowed to dry out. Keep moist but not soggy. Water about every five to seven days. Plants should be potted in a well drain mix with medium fir bark with some perlite. Plant is best grown in a basket Potting media should never be allowed to dry out.
The name Cochleanthes refers to the shape of the flower (in Greek, cochlos means "shell" and anthos means "flower").
- Warscewiczella Rchb.f. 1852
- Warszewiczella Benth. & Hkr.f
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