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Cochleanthes

Cochleanthes amazonica
Cochleanthes amazonica plate from
Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Maxillarieae
SubTribe: Zygopetalinae
Alliance:
Genus: Cochleanthes
Raf. 1837
Type Species
Cochleanthes flabelliformis


The genus Cochleanthes is made up of fifteen species of orchids. It is abbreviated as Cnths. in horticultural trade.

DistributionEdit

Species in this genus originate from South America. Plants are epiphytes and grow at elevations of up to 1500 metres in cloud forests.

DescriptionEdit

This genus as a rule lacks pseudobulbs and consequently produces tufted fan-like growths of fairly erect narrow leaves, and conforms to the sympodial method of growth.

Plants of this genus produce single-flowered inflorescences, with the flowers often being quite large for the size of the plant, and occurring at any time of the year, though slightly more concentrated during summer in cultivation. All members of this genus have their flowers dominated by the large labellum (lip) which often has longitudinal markings upon it which serve as a nectar guide for pollinating insects. The flowers have four pollinia.

CultureEdit

Keep plant frost free and at intermediate temperatures with high humidity. Keep plant in shade to moderate light. Potting media should not be allowed to dry out. Keep moist but not soggy. Water about every five to seven days. Plants should be potted in a well drain mix with medium fir bark with some perlite. Plant is best grown in a basket Potting media should never be allowed to dry out.

NamingEdit

The name Cochleanthes refers to the shape of the flower (in Greek, cochlos means "shell" and anthos means "flower").

SynonymsEdit

  1. Warscewiczella Rchb.f. 1852
  2. Warszewiczella Benth. & Hkr.f

Species Edit

ReferencesEdit

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Cochleanthes Orchids

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