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Cattleya aclandiae

Cattleya aclandiae

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Epidendreae
SubTribe: Laeliinae
Genus: Cattleya
Species: C. aclandiae
Alliance:
Binomial name
Cattleya aclandiae
Lindl. 1840


Cattleya aclandiae is a plant in the genus Cattleya.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms from summer to fall with several 10 cm wide flowers. Flowers are fragrant. Flowers are substantial, waxy, and long-lived. Flower color is white or near-white with purple blotches and spots. The lip has a dark purple blotch and the anther cap is yellow.

There are coerulea forms available in the orchid trade. Cattleya aclandiae has been widely used by orchid breeders to produce compact hybrids. When crossed with other bifoliate cattleyas, the spotted pattern is present in the offspring. Hybrids of this species generally produce plants that flower two or more times per year.

Cattleya aclandiae is compact and only grows 3-5 in. (7-12 cm) tall. The upright, short, cylindrical pseudobulbs have two fleshy leaves at the apex. Sometimes, purple blotches are found on the leaves when the plants are exposed to intense sunlight. Each growth produces between one and three 2.5 inches to 4 inches (6 to 10 cm) and the flowers are large for the size of the plant.


DistributionEdit

This species is found growing on tree limbs and trunks in the Brazilian state of Bahia Cattleya aclandiae has a very small natural range and is found growing in the wind southwest of Salvador on elevated plateaus that border the drainage of the Paraguaca River. Its native habitat is seasonally dry coastal forests between 100 and 400 meters in elevation near permanent bodies of water.

CultureEdit

Plants should be grown in medium fir bark with partial to full sun. Cattleya aclandiae is a intermediate to warm growing orchid species. Water approximately once a week. Plant can also be mounted.

NamingEdit

Common Name: Lady Ackland's Cattleya

This species was named in honor of Sir Thomas Ackland who was the first European to grow the plant successfully.

SynonymsEdit

  1. Cattleya acklandiae J.E. Planch. 1851-2
  2. Cattleya aclandiae Lindley 1840
  3. Cattleya aucklandiae Heynh 1841
  4. Cattleya auclandii Beer 1854
  5. Epidendrum acklandiae Rchb.f 1862
  6. Epidendrum aclandiae Rchb.f

ReferencesEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png
  • Denson, John (May 2008). Cattleya aclandiae. Cattleya Orchid Source. Retrieved on 2008-05-30. [1]
  • Pfal, Jay (May 2008). Cattleya aclandiae. ISOPE. Retrieved on 2008-05-30. [2]
  • Withner, Carl L. (1988). The Catttleya and their relatives, Vol 1. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press.

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