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Calanthe sylvatica

Calanthe sylvatica

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
SubTribe: Bletiinae
Genus: Calanthe
Species: Cal. sylvatica
Alliance:
Binomial name
Calanthe sylvatica
(Thouars) Lindl. 1833


Calanthe sylvatica is a species of orchid from the genus Calanthe.

DescriptionEdit

Plant blooms from fall to winter with many 5 cm wide flowers

DistributionEdit

Plant is found growing in Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sao Tome e Principe, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Comoros Islands, Madagascar and the Mascarenes, through India, and most of SE Asia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Vietnam and SE China at elevations of 400 to 2700 meters

CultureEdit

Plants grows in cool to warm temperatures with shade. When potting Calanthe plants, the pseudobulbs must be half buried into the potting media. Plants can be potted in 40% soil, 40% dry bark and 20% perlite or another humus rich soil mixture. Plants should be watered regularly.

NamingEdit

Common Names: The Forest-Dwelling Calanthe

SynonymsEdit

  1. Alismorchis centrosis (Thouars) Steud. 1840
  2. Alismorchis emarginata [Bl] Kuntze 1891
  3. Alismorchis masuca (D.Don) Kuntze 1891
  4. Alismorkis natalensis (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891
  5. Alismorkis plantaginea (Thouars) Kuntze 1891
  6. Alismorkis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 -
  7. Alismorkis textori (Miq.) Kuntze 1891
  8. Amblyglottis emarginata Blume 1825
  9. Bletia masuca D. Don 1825
  10. Bletia sylvatica (Thouars) Bojer 1837
  11. Calanthe albolongicalcarata S.S.Ying 1974
  12. Calanthe candida Bosser 1989
  13. Calanthe corymbosa Lindl. 1862
  14. Calanthe curtisii Rchb.f. 1884
  15. Calanthe delphinioides Kraenzl. 1893
  16. Calanthe emarginata [Bl] Lindl. 1833
  17. Calanthe furcata f. masuca (D.Don) M.Hiroe 1971
  18. Calanthe furcata f. textori (Miq.) M.Hiroe 1971
  19. Calanthe humbertii H.Perrier 1955
  20. Calanthe longicalcarata Hayata ex Yamam. 1930
  21. Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl. 1833
  22. Calanthe mascua Thwaites 1884
  23. Calanthe masuca f. albiflora (Ida) K.Nakaj. 1971
  24. Calanthe masuca var. purpurea (Lindl.) Rao & S.R.Rathore 1984
  25. Calanthe natalensis (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1856
  26. Calanthe neglecta Schltr. 1915
  27. Calanthe okinawensis f. albiflora Ida 1969
  28. Calanthe purpurea Lindl. 1833
  29. Calanthe sanderiana Rolfe 1892
  30. Calanthe schliebenii Mansf. 1933
  31. Calanthe seikooensis Yamam. 1931
  32. Calanthe stolzii Schltr. 1915
  33. Calanthe sylvatica var. geerinckiana Stévart 2000
  34. Calanthe sylvatica var. natalensis Rchb.f. 1846
  35. Calanthe textori Miq. 1866
  36. Calanthe sylvatica var. pallidipetala Schltr 1924
  37. Calanthe sylvestris Lindl. ex Steud. 1840
  38. Calanthe textori f. albiflora (Ida) Hatus 1971
  39. Calanthe textori var. longicalcarata (Hayata ex Yamam.) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974
  40. Calanthe versicolor Lindl. 1871
  41. Calanthe violacea Rolfe 1913
  42. Calanthe volkensii Rolfe 1897
  43. Calanthe wightii Rchb.f. 1864
  44. Centrosis corymbosa Thouars 1822
  45. *Centrosis sylvatica Thouars 1852
  46. Zoduba masuca (D.Don) Buch.-Ham. 1825

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