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Calanthe

Calanthe biloba plate
Calanthe biloba from
The Orchid Album

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
SubTribe: Bletiinae
Alliance:
Genus: Calanthe
R. Brown 1821
Type Species
Calanthe triplicata


The genus Calanthe is a widespread genus of terrestrial orchids (family Orchidaceae) with about 150 species.

DistributionEdit

The genus is found in all tropical areas, but mostly concentrated in Asia.

DescriptionEdit

This genus is abbreviated Cal. (the full stop is important) in trade journals. The genus is divided into 2 groups: deciduous species and evergreen ones. The first man made hybrid in this genus is Calanthe dominii (Calanthe masuca × Calanthe furcata) which was made by John Dominy in 1853.

The genus can be divided into two sections of Eucalanthe and Preptanthe. Plants from these two sections can not be hybridized. The section Eucalanthe are deciduous plants which has a gray-green membranous sheath covering the pseudobulbs. The section Preptanthe is evergreen and has small pseudobulbs and long lived leaves.

CultureEdit

Plants grow in various temperatures depending on their habitat location. They require moderate light to shady conditions. When potting Calanthe plants, the pseudobulbs must be half buried into the potting media. Plants can be potted in 40% soil, 40% dry bark and 20% perlite or another humus rich soil mixture. Plants that are evergreen can be watered regularly. Deciduous plants should be with consistent moisture during spring and summer when there is new growth. As leaves begin to yellow reduce watering to allow the plants to dry between waterings. During winter with hold watering and keep the plant humid.

NamingEdit

Plants are named after the beauty of the flowers in the genus.

SynonymsEdit

  1. Alismorchis Thou. 1822
  2. Alismorkis Thou. 1809
  3. Amblyglottis Bl. 1825
  4. Aulostylis Schlechter 1912
  5. Calanthidium Pfitz. 1889
  6. Centrosis Thou. 1822
  7. Cephalantheropsis Guillaumin 1960
  8. Cytheris Lindley in Wall. 1831
  9. Ghiesbreghtia A. Rich & Gal. 1845
  10. Limatodis Lindley 1825
  11. Paracalanthe Kudô 1930
  12. Preptanthe Lindley 1853
  13. Styloglossum Kuhl & v.Hass. 1829
  14. Zoduba Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don 1825


TaxonomyEdit

The plant can be separated into two subsections.

  1. Section Eucalanthe
  2. Section Preptanthe

Species Edit

Natural HybridsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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