Anacamptis coriophora plate
Anacamptis coriophora plate from
Orchideen Deutschland

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
SubTribe: Orchidinae
Genus: Anacamptis
L.C. Rich. 1817
Type Species
Anacamptis pyramidalis

Anacamptis Rich., 1817 is a small genus from the orchid family (Orchidaceae). This genus is abbreviated as Ant. in trade journals.


These terrestrial orchids occur on grasslands, limestone or chalk deposits or on dunes in Europe, from the Mediterranean to Central Asia.


They have linear to lanceolate leaves with an acute tip. They grow a long, pyramidal, erect spike with many fragrant flowers. These flowers bloom in summer. They are pollinated by moths and butterflies. Their proboscis is adapted to the long spur of these flowers.


Plants require intermediate to cool temperatures with full sunlight. They should be watered regularly and the medium should be kept moist during fall to spring. During the summer plants require a cold period for several weeks where the tubers are kept moderately damp, lightly fertilized, and at temperatures from 5 to -8°C. The plants. The tubers go dormant in the summer and should be kept moderately dry and cool for four to six weeks. Plants can be potted in a mixture of 50% soil, 30% sand, and 20% peat or 80% perlite and 20% peat.


The scientific name is derived from the Greek word 'anakamptein', meaning 'to bend backwards'.


Except Anacamptis pyramidalis all species listed below, were formerly classified under Orchis morio-clade. They have a diploid chromosome number of 32 or 36. A useful character for distinguishing Anacamptis from Orchis is the basal fusion of the three sepals in Anacamptis.

The few bigeneric hybrids are between sister-genera (closely related clades), in this case Anacamptis x Serapias. Recently found specimens of Orchis mascula x Anacamptis morio, found in Cumbria, UK in 1997, proved short-lived because of a highly divergent genomic lineage.

Species Edit

Natural HybridsEdit


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.