Aerides , is a genus belonging to the Orchid family (Orchidaceae) (subfamily Epidendroideae, tribe Vandeae, subtribe Aeridinae). This genus is abbreviated Aer in horticultural trade.
They occur mainly in Asia : the Indian subcontinent, Nepal, Southern China, SE Asia, the Philippines, New Guinea.
Species in this genus is monopodial epiphytic, except for Aerides krabviensis, which is a lithophyte. They form pendulous racemes with many fragrant, long-lasting, waxy flowers, in white, (rarely) yellow, purple or pink colors, with a forward facing spur, growing on stout many-leaved stems from the leaf axils. The leaves grow distichously (in two vertical rows). The leaf margins are bilobed, while the apex is emarginate. There are ligules. Morphologically, they are very similar to Vanda.
Plants are best grown hanged in baskets and on mounted and usually require full sunlight and warm temperatures. If hunged the roots must be watered frequently. Plants should be grown in media that is well drained such as tree fern fibers (for small plants), medium fir bark, or sphagnum moss.
The naming of the genus refers to the epiphytic growth habit of the species assigned therein. The genus is also called the Cat's-tail Orchid or the Fox Brush Orchid
- Aeridium Salisb.
- Dendrorkis Thouars
- Orxera Raf.
- Aerides × jansonii (falcata x odorata)
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