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Acanthephippium

Acanthephippium mantinianum plate
Acanthephippium mantinianum plate from
Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
SubTribe: Bletiinae
Alliance:
Genus: Acanthephippium
Blume ex Endl. 1828
Type Species
Acanthephippium javanicum


Acanthephippium is a genus of orchid with twelve species (family Orchidaceae).

DistributionEdit

This terrestrial and sometimes myco-heterotrophic genus of sympodial orchids is distributed from the tropical and subtropical Indian subcontinent to China and the southwest Pacific.

DescriptionEdit

The terrestrial species are up to 80 cm tall. They have short rhizomes. The oblong and fleshy pseudobulbs are up to 25 cm tall. They produce at their apex 2 to 3 large plicate, lanceolate, parallel-veined leaves, which can be up to 65 cm long.

The erect inflorescence arises laterally from the pseudobulbs, with 3 to 6 flowers, subtended by large, glabrous bracts. The flowers are prominent, large, striated cup- or urn-shaped, fleshy, waxy, and about 4 cm long. They resemble a tulip, a most unusual shape for an orchid. The flowers have a wide range of colors, from dull yellow to red to shades of orange and pink, marked with stripes or spots. The blossoms are usually odiferous with a very strong fragrance.


CultureEdit

Plants should be grown in shade with intermediate temperatures. Grow in a well drained terrestrial mix with medium bark and perlite. Plants do not like to be repotted often. Keep plant media moist and water regularly during growth season. During winter reduce watering.

NamingEdit

The name of this genus is derived from the Greek words acanthos ("spiny") and ephippion ("saddle"), referring to the saddle-like labellum of the plants.

SynonymsEdit

  1. Acanthophippium Blume 1825

Species Edit

ReferencesEdit

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  • Thomas, S.A. 1997 - Taxonomic revision of the genus Acanthephippium (Orchidaceae). Orchid Monographs, Vol. 8, pp. 119-134, 178-179, 236-246, figures 56-66, plates 5c-6d. Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus, Leiden, The Netherlands.

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